Prefecture and commune
Panoramic sight of Annecy and Lake Annecy.
Panoramic sight of Annecy and Lake Annecy.
Flag of Annecy
Coat of arms of Annecy
Coat of arms
Annecy is located in France
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Annecy is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Coordinates: 45°54?58?N 6°07?59?E / 45.916°N 6.133°E / 45.916; 6.133Coordinates: 45°54?58?N 6°07?59?E / 45.916°N 6.133°E / 45.916; 6.133
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Annecy
Canton Annecy-1, Annecy-2, Annecy-le-Vieux and Seynod
Intercommunality CA Grand Annecy
 o Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Luc Rigaut (UDI)
Area1 66.94 km2 (25.85 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 124,401
 o Density 1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Annécien/Annécienne
Time zone CET (GMT +1) (UTC+1)
 o Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 74010 /74000
Dialling codes 0450
Elevation 396-1,153 m (1,299-3,783 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Annecy (French pronunciation: [ansi]; ArpitanÈneci or Ènneci) is the largest city of Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It lies on the northern tip of Lake Annecy, 35 kilometers (22 mi) south of Geneva.

Nicknamed the "Pearl of French Alps" in Raoul Blanchard's monograph describing its location between lake and mountains, the city controls the northern entrance to the lake gorge. Due to a lack of available building land between the lake and the protected Semnoz mountain, its population remained stagnant, around 50,000 inhabitants, since 1950. However, the 2017 city merge extended the city population to 124,401 inhabitants, and 203,078 for its urban area, 6th regional position below Annemasse, which counts 292,000 inhabitants in the northern department.

Switching from counts of Geneva's dwelling in the 13th century, to counts of Savoy's in the 14th century, the city became Savoy's capital in 1434 during the Genevois-Nemours prerogative until 1659. Its role increased in 1536, during the Calvinist Reformation in Geneva, while the bishop took refuge in Annecy. Saint Francis de Sales gave Annecy its advanced Catholic citadel role known as Counter-Reformation. The annexation of Savoy merged the city to France in 1860.

Sometimes called "Venice of the Alps", this idyllic and touristic representation comes from the three canals and the Thiou river lying through the old city and whose initial role was to protect the city and to empower its handicrafts. The city experienced an industrial development in the 19th century with silk manufacturing. Some of its industrial legacy remains today with the headquarters of NTN-SNR bearings, Salomon, Entremont and Dassault Aviation.

Since the end of the 19th century, Annecy developed tourism around its lake summer facilities, winter resorts proximity and cultural attraction with its castle renovation and fine art museum opening in 1956 and the Animated Film Festival since 1960, hosted in Bonlieu's cultural Center. The municipal environmental policy managed to keep 40.3% of green spaces and the city and was awarded the "Golden Flower" in 2015, given to the nine most-flowered French cities. Its educational area is growing since the University of Savoy establishment in 1973.


The Fier forms part of the commune's northwestern border. The surrounding mountains are Mont Veyrier, Semnoz, Tournette, and Parmelan.


The Hôtel de Ville (Town Hall)
Map of Annecy in 1914, French edition

Le vieil Annecy ("Old Annecy"), (not to be confused with Annecy le vieux, another border town), was a settlement from the time of the Romans.[1] Annecy was the court of the counts of Geneva[1] or Genevois from the 10th century.[2] It passed to the counts of Savoy in 1401.[2] In 1444, it became the regional capital of the provinces of Genevois, Faucigny, and Beaufortain. With the advance of Calvinism, Annecy became a center for the Counter-Reformation, the old Bishopric of Geneva being transferred to it in 1535.[2] Francis of Sales was born in Sales, France in 1567 and served as bishop of Annecy from 1602 to 1622;[2] his relics are preserved in the cathedral.[1] During the French Revolution, the Savoy region was conquered by France. Annecy became attached to the department of Mont Blanc, whose capital was Chambéry.[3] The Catholic diocese was suppressed in 1801.[] After the Bourbon Restoration in 1815, Annecy was returned to the King of Sardinia and the Catholic diocese restored in 1822.[] When Savoy was annexed to France with the in 1860 with the Treaty of Turin, it became the capital of the new department of Haute-Savoie. Annecy was the site of the second round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) talks in 1949. In 2012, a multiple murder occurred in the Annecy area.[4]

The new municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger with the former communes of Annecy-le-Vieux, Cran-Gevrier, Meythet, Pringy and Seynod.[5]


Annecy is part of 4 cantons (Annecy-1, Annecy-2, Annecy-le-Vieux and Seynod) and it is the Prefecture of Haute-Savoie.

Since 2017, Annecy is formed of six delegate cities: Annecy, Annecy-le-Vieux, Cran-Gevrier, Meythet, Pringy and Seynod. The local government is formed of the City council, composed of 202 members. Each commune delegate has a number of members depending upon its population. The Mayor is Jean-Luc Rigaut (UDI) since 2007.

The intercommunality of Annecy, Grand Annecy Agglomération, includes 34 municipalities.


Climate data for Annecy, Haute-Savoie - Alt : 458m
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.4
Average high °C (°F) 5.4
Average low °C (°F) -1.6
Record low °C (°F) -23.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 91.2
Average precipitation days 11 9 10 10 12 9 10 10 9 11 12 11 124
Mean monthly sunshine hours 93 117 172 196 224 262 277 242 192 138 83 70 2,066
Source: Météo France - Period 1981-2010 - Temperatures extremes 1970-2015.


Annecy has hosted the Annecy International Animated Film Festival since 1960 and the Rencontres Internationales d'Annecy Cinéma & Architecture since 1999.


On 23 July 2009, Annecy played host to Stage 18 of the Tour de France, as the start/finish point for an individual time trial around Lake Annecy. It will be the start town for stage 10 of the 2018 Tour de France on 17th July 2018.

Annecy launched a bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games but lost to Pyeongchang.[6] If they had been chosen, Annecy would have been the fourth French city to host the Winter Olympic Games, after Chamonix (1924), Grenoble (1968), and Albertville (1992).

Ligue 1 former team Évian Thonon Gaillard F.C. played their home matches in Annecy. The club was founded in 2007, they grew up to reach Ligue 1, and stayed for three years in the division, thanks to their emblematic trainer Pascal Dupraz.

The Annecy basin is one of the world's leading locations for the sport of paragliding, an activity of some economic importance to the region.[7] The area regularly hosts major competitions, most recently a leg of the Paragliding World Cup in 2012.[8] Due to its proximity with the lake and the mountains, Annecy is also popular for watersports (sailing, rowing, wakeboarding, water skiing) and wintersports (alpine skiing, snowboarding, Nordic skiing). Le Semnoz, a relatively small ski resort is 35 minutes away from Annecy. Other bigger ski resorts, La Clusaz and Le Grand Bornand, are only 40 minutes away. Annecy is also very popular among trail runners and many races are organized year round, such as the World Trail Running Championships in 2015.[9]

Main sights

The Palais de l'Isle and Thiou river
  • The Palais de l'Isle is a 12th century castle on an island in the river Thiou in Annecy's administrative headquarters. It mostly served as a prison and courthouse until the French Revolution. It again was a prison during World War II. The Palais de l'Ile was classified as a Historical Monument in 1900, and today houses a local history museum.



Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1822 1838 1848 1858 1861 1866
4,440 5,130 5,467 5,724 8,252 8,547 10,374 9,370 11,554
1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911
11,581 10,976 11,334 11,817 11,947 12,894 13,611 14,351 15,622
1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975
15,004 17,233 20,289 23,293 26,722 33,114 43,255 54,484 53,262
1982 1990 1999 2008 - - - - -
49,965 49,644 50,348 50,115 - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006) · [10]

Population Over Time

Sources - database Cassini of EHESS and Insee See database

Research organisations

  • LAPP Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules specialized in Physics
  • Mecatronics department of CETIM
  • Different R&D activities in the Université de Savoie and its École Polytechnique d'Ingenieurs: Polytech'Savoie.


Logo of the City of Annecy

In the 19th century, the primary manufactures were linen and cotton goods, glass, cutlery, earthenware, and leather.[1] The area also carried on linen bleaching and iron mining.[1] By the First World War, it was connected by rail to Aix-les-Bains and there were factories for linen and cotton goods, felt hats, and paper, as well as a "celebrated" bell foundry at Annecy-le-Vieux.[2]

Companies located in and around Annecy include:


The Gare d'Annecy railway station offers connections with Lyon, Geneva, Paris, Grenoble and several regional destinations.

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Annecy is twinned with:


Together with other Alpine towns Annecy engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Annecy is also Alpine Town of the Year 2012.


Sons and daughters

People with relationship to the city

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e EB (1878).
  2. ^ a b c d e EB (1911).
  3. ^ Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 437-438, accessed in Gallica 23 May 2017 (in French)
  4. ^ "France shootings: Three victims shot in head". BBC News Online. BBC. 2012-09-06. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Arrêté du 14 juillet 2016 portant création d'une commune nouvelle" (in French). 
  6. ^ From Paula Hancocks, CNN. "South Korean city to host 2018 Winter Olympics". Retrieved . 
  7. ^ Paragliding in the Annecy Basin (PDF) (in French), DRDJS Rhone Alpes, archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2010, retrieved 2011 
  8. ^ World Cup France Talloires 2012, retrieved  
  9. ^ Record participation for 2015 IAU Trail World Championships| News |
  10. ^ Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee.
  11. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved . 


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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