Shigatse
Xigazê
? o
Prefecture-level city
TIB-shigatse dzong.jpg
Nickname(s): Gateway to Everest
Shigatse City (orange) in Tibet Autonomous Region (light-orange)
Shigatse City (orange) in Tibet Autonomous Region (light-orange)
Country  China
Region Tibet Autonomous Region
Area
 o Total 182,000 km2 (70,000 sq mi)
Population
 o Total 703,292
 o Density 3.9/km2 (10/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Xigazê
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin Rìk?zé
Tibetan name
Tibetan

Shigatse, officially known as Xigazê[1][2] (Chinese: ; pinyin: Rìk?zé Nepali?), is a prefecture-level city of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, with an area of 182,000 km2 (70,271 sq mi). It is located within the historical Tsang province of Tibet.

Overview

The administrative center of the prefecture-level city is the Samzhubzê District. It is roughly equivalent to the ancient Shigatse urban center, the second-largest city in Tibet, located about 280 km (174 miles) southwest of Lhasa and home to the Tashilhunpo Monastery, traditionally the seat of the Panchen Lama.[3]

Some of the towns in the prefecture are: Gyantse (Gyantse County), Tingri (Tingri County), and Nyalam (Nyalam County).

On 11 July 2014 Shigatse Prefecture was upgraded into a prefecture-level city (the same status as Lhasa).[4]

Transport

Rail

The Lhasa-Xigazê Railway connects Xigazê Railway Station with Lhasa and further connects with Qinghai via Qinghai-Tibet Railway. It takes about 3 hours to travel between Lhasa and Shigatse by train. It can be returned from Lhasa within one day.[5]

Air

Shigatse Peace Airport began operations on 30 October 2010 after an Airbus A319 landed safely, making it Tibet's fifth commercial airport. It is located 43 kilometres from Samzhubzê District at Jangdam Township at an elevation of 3,782 metres. The airport will be capable of supporting 230,000 passengers annually by 2020.[6]

Road

China National Highway 318 and China National Highway 219 are the main roads in and out of Shigatse.

Counties

Map # Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Shigatse mcp.png
City proper
1 Samzhubzê District ? S?ngzh?z? Q? bsam 'grub rtse chus 120,374 3,654 32.94
Rural
2 Namling County ? Nánmùlín Xiàn rnam gling rdzong 74,930 8,113 9.23
3 Gyantse County Ji?ngz? Xiàn rgyal rtse rdzong 63,503 3,859 16.45
4 Tingri County Dìngrì Xiàn ding ri rdzong 50,818 13,859 3.66
5 Sa'gya County Sàji? Xiàn sa skya rdzong 47,304 7,510 6.29
6 Lhatse County L?z? Xiàn lha rtse rdzong 49,286 4,505 10.94
7 Ngamring County Ángrén Xiàn ngam ring rdzong 51,472 20,105 2.56
8 Xaitongmoin County ? Xièt?ngmén Xiàn ? bzhad mthong smon rdzong 42,280 13,960 3.02
9 Bainang County Báil?ng Xiàn pa snam rdzong 42,551 2,806 15.16
10 Rinbung County Rénbù Xiàn rin spungs rdzong 27,826 2,123 13.10
11 Kangmar County K?ngm? Xiàn khang dmar rdzong 20,522 6,165 3.32
12 Dinggyê County Dìngjié Xiàn ? gding skyes rdzong 20,319 5,816 3.49
13 Zhongba County Zhòngb? Xiàn ? 'brong pa rdzong 22,147 43,594 0.50
14 Yadong County Yàd?ng Xiàn gro mo rdzong 12,920 4,306 3.00
15 Gyirong County Jílóng Xiàn ? skyid grong rdzong 14,972 9,009 1.66
16 Nyalam County ? Nièl?mù Xiàn gnya' lam rdzong 17,568 7,903 2.22
17 Saga County Sàg? Xiàn sa dga' rdzong 14,036 12,411 1.13
18 Gamba County G?ngb? Xiàn ? gam pa rdzong 10,464 3,936 2.65

Climate

Shigatse has an elevation-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb).

Climate data for Shigatse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.9
(51.6)
15.2
(59.4)
18.9
(66)
22.2
(72)
20.8
(69.4)
19.7
(67.5)
18.5
(65.3)
15.1
(59.2)
10.3
(50.5)
6.8
(44.2)
14.3
(57.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -3.7
(25.3)
-0.8
(30.6)
2.8
(37)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
14.9
(58.8)
14.7
(58.5)
13.9
(57)
12.1
(53.8)
6.9
(44.4)
1.0
(33.8)
-2.7
(27.1)
6.5
(43.6)
Average low °C (°F) -13.0
(8.6)
-9.4
(15.1)
-5.3
(22.5)
-0.7
(30.7)
3.2
(37.8)
7.6
(45.7)
8.7
(47.7)
8.1
(46.6)
5.7
(42.3)
-1.2
(29.8)
-8.3
(17.1)
-12.2
(10)
-1.4
(29.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
15
(0.59)
60
(2.36)
129
(5.08)
146
(5.75)
58
(2.28)
7
(0.28)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
422
(16.62)
Source: Climate-Data.org [7]

Gallery

See also

Shigatse Photovoltaic Power Plant

References

  1. ^ Powers, John (2016). The Buddha party : how the People's Republic of China works to define and control Tibetan Buddhism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. Appendix B, page 16. ISBN 9780199358182. OCLC 967694121. 
  2. ^ Guóji? cèhuìjú dìmíng yánji?su? ?: Zh?ngguó dìmínglù (Gazetteer of China; Beijing, SinoMaps Press ? 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4, p. 311.
  3. ^ Mapping the Tibetan World. Yukyasu Osada, Gavin Allwright, and Atushi Kanamaru. 1st edition 200. Reprint 2004. Kotan Books, Japan, pp. 109, 113.
  4. ^ Li, Zhe. "". http://news.china.com.cn/. . Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2014.  External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ "Shigatse Travel" ChinaTour.net Archived 2015-08-16 at Wikiwix Accessed 2013-4-21
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-07. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "Climate: Shigatse - Climate-Data.org". Archived from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved 2018. 

External links

Coordinates: 29°16?01?N 88°52?52?E / 29.267°N 88.881°E / 29.267; 88.881


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
Shigatse
 



 

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